By Salad Malicha
Ethiopia is getting politically hot than any time ever. The Oromo people have suffered and are still getting victimised by Nafxanya beyond repair. It is only the Oromo that fought against oppressive political arrangements for its removal for which they have paid unparalleled cost in human lives and material.
Amhara warlords created the Ethiopian empire by terrorising and committing genocide on the Oromo and other peoples during the last decades of the 19th century (Holcomb and Ibssa, 1990). State-terrorism manifests itself in multiple forms: war, assassination, murder, torture and rape.
Ethiopia is a shaken state even today and the Amhara people are trying to remain dominant as in the past. Which may lead us to serious conflict in immediate future.
However the era of one ethnic group supremacy is long gone. Nonetheless, Amhara elites are unwilling to understand or willing to acknowledge the objected reality that Ethiopia has pulled itself out of chauvinistic rule. The tyrannical and repressive governance is long gone and Ethiopia cannot be ruled the old way as things will never remain the same again.
The most amazing thing is those who are supposed to beg to remain part of the nation built on democracy are begged to be part of the ongoing transformation instead of being part and parcel transitional process they were part of, they are engaging in wreaking havoc.
But one thing must be taken into consideration on the nafxanya side. If they attempt to cause disruption to reverse the effort of this transformation, it is the beginning of the end of the existence of what they call empire built by the effort of their forefathers.
The million dollar question is: Does the country which was created by the Abyssinian invaders exist today? Obviously the empire does not exist in its old form. Secondly, there cannot be a repressive form of government any more. If that is perceived Amhara dream, sorry it is a dead case and they have to look for somewhere else where ethnic hegemony may work.
In Ethiopia there are two groups of people. One group is the oppressor and the other group is the oppressed. The goal is also two and too parallel agenda that cannot converge. The oppressors are looking forward to reverse the course of ongoing democratic change which is to form equality of all citizens. The issue of equality is unacceptable to the Nafxanya group.
The oppressed are unconditionally demanding unfiltered freedom and rejection of embracing the Amhara supremacy no matter what comes. This is not only the Oromo demand it belongs to all people except the Amhara nafxanya. Thus, it is impossible to reconcile this contradictory aspects that cannot be reconciled. If contradiction are not reconciled what has to be done is a question that all Oromo men and women should find a solution for.
In 2016 political pundits postulated, “Ethiopia in which Oromo cannot live in peace and have choice of their own must be dismantled” To be realistic what is the use of being citizen of a country where your life is taken without the consent of the court of law? What is the value of life if you are summarily killed or detained without the considered decision of the court of law? A person who is not free would lose his country, his children shall be murdered at the hands of Meneliks beast jam-packed with arrogance and its killing machine and his wife would be taken away and his daughters would be raped so if the objective condition in Ethiopia is still the same as in the past what makes an Oromo feel he or she is a free person?
PROTESTS PITTING PM ABIY AND JAWAR
Expressing his condolence to the victims, Abiy Ahmed said: “the tragedy showcases the need for Ethiopians to get united more than ever and failing to do so will lead the nation to critical problems.”
However, much of the violence and destruction of properties seem to be coming from Oromia, a state his regional party, the Oromo Democratic Party (ODP), controls.
“Our compatriots sacrificed amidst the tragedy which turned into religious and ethnic-based disputes. The attacks were so humiliating that we don’t want to hear, let alone to see,” Abiy said in a statement
“We have Christians who have defended mosques from damage. We have Muslims who preserved churches from burning. They sacrificed their lives to one another regardless of differences in religion and ethnicity,” the premier added.
The government, along with the public, will rehabilitate displaced people and others whose properties were looted, Abiy said. He called on religious institutions, civic societies and the public at large to stand in unison for the cause.
POLITICAL PUNDITS CRITICISM
Notwithstanding the assurances for the rule of law, many people are not hopeful that justice will be served any time soon. The nation is yet to see the perpetrators of previous violence and atrocities in Addis Ababa, Oromia, Benishangul-Gumuz and Southern Ethiopia coming to justice.
In addition, ethnic and religious violence has been reported in the towns and cities of Dodola, Harar, Balerobe and Adama.
Similarly, no verdict has been passed against perpetrators for a series of offenses committed during Abiy’s administration. Since its inception, Abiy Ahmed’s government is highly criticized for its poor capability to enforce law and order, especially in and around Oromia state, where dozens of killings, abductions, bank robberies, and destruction of properties have taken place.
ACTIVIST JAWAR MOHAMED
Jawar is credited with promoting protests that swept Abiy to power last year but he has recently become critical of some of the premier’s policies.
In an interview at his residence in Addis Ababa, Jawar told International media that Abiy — named Nobel Peace laureate two weeks ago — seemed to be taking Ethiopia back to “the old ways” of authoritarian rule.
“He has resorted to the early signs of dictatorship, of trying to intimidate people, even his very close allies who helped him come to power who happen to disagree with some of the policies and positions and ideologies he’s advocating,” Jawar said.
“Intimidation is the start of authoritarian rule.” Both men are members of the Oromo ethnic group, Ethiopia’s largest.
Their feud highlights divisions within Abiy’s Oromo support base that could complicate his bid for a five-year term when Ethiopia votes in elections currently planned for May 2020.
Jawar said that running against Abiy was “one possibility,” though he also said he could be convinced to back Abiy if he changes course.
“I want to have an active role in the coming election. In what capacity I’m not sure but I want to make sure that the influence I have in the country has a positive contribution,” he said.
After two days of violent protests, tensions had cooled last Friday in Addis Ababa, although the total damage inflicted by the unrest was still being tallied.
Hon. Farah Maalim, former Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of Kenya who has been closely following emerging geopolitics in the Hon of Africa said, “there is no German today who glorifies Hitler. Any Ethiopian who glorifies Tewodros, Menelik, Haile Sellasie, Mengistu or Meles cannot claim to care about lives of Ethiopians. So long as some people believe that they are a superior breed to others, the bloodbath will not stop”.
Hon. Farah spit more wisdom, “As Swahili saying goes ~ when grasshoppers fight crows celebrate ”. The Prime Minister Dr Abiy Ahmed and Jawar Mohamed supremacy contest will weaken the reform movement in Ethiopia and bring back the Abyssinian hegemony. Tigray Patriotic Liberation Front (TPLF) and other opportunistic forces are celebrating and waiting for a rare windfall. Pull back!!”
OROMO STUDIES ASSOCIATION HIGHLIGHTS
During Oromo Studies Association (OSA) conference of July 2019 held in Addis Ababa, Prof Assafa Jalata speech higlighted four key issues;
● Form and establish a strong Oromo organisation copying from Gumii Gayo of Boorana and the Gadaa sytem of governance;
● Oromo people should stop expecting government or foreign donors or diaspora to solve their internal issues. They should unite and address their problems at grassroots levels;
● No commercialisation of politics. Oromo people should be careful about proponent of self centered individuals; and
● He also warns Oromo to anticipate more resistant and dirty games from their enemies as they will do everything to wrestle the power from them. This is the time for oromo to be United and steadfast against the enemy. We believe the good Professor has offered professional advise but people seems far from listening to him.
Of course the current Ethiopian government is headed by a brilliant Oromo man whose recognition is beyond belief in such a short time. It is true that leaders accelerate the journey of history and some also decelerate the progress of history.
Dr. Abiy is one of those who accelerate but one man army cannot win a battle. Thus Oromo people must rise in full force to defend the gain and subdue the aggression against Oromo people. Any effort that makes to the will of the Amhara’s is pipe dream, wishful thinking and more so an exercise in futility.
The current government of Ethiopia looks like it is appeasing the Nafxanya group. This is a very bad approach to heal the past ills that the Oromo people have gone through. It is opportunistic to reconcile irreconcilable that is existing. Thus, Oromo people must move forward with vigilance and absolute mistrust scrutinising every act of this government instead of taking everything at face value.